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VMware vCloud overview

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VMware Cloud Director (vCD) is the control platform for the VMware Software Defined Data Center (SDDC). Its convenient HTML5 interface provides role-based secure access to your cloud resources, including on mobile devices.

From the VMware Cloud Director platform, you can use:

  • user interface for controlling virtual machines,
  • to determine the groups and roles of the organization,
  • compute and storage resource management,
  • powerful NSX Firewall (Security services) and Edge Gateway service,
  • libraries for creating vApps and virtual machines from templates,
  • monitoring of tasks and events,
  • vCloud Availability Disaster Recovery-as-a-Service (DRaaS).

Below is a quick overview of thermonology and functionality.

Virtual Data Center

On the home page you can get an overview of the use of your resources.

cloud director virtual data center

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Administration

cloud director administration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Users and Groups

An organization can contain an arbitrary number of users and groups. Permissions within an organization are controlled through the assignment of rights and roles to users and groups.

Roles

Roles are a set of rights that make it easier to share assigned permissons  between users or groups. By default, you can assign the following roles:

  • Catalog Author (allow a user to create and publish catalogs)
  • Console Access Only (allow a user to view virtual machine state and properties and to use the guest OS)
  • Defer to Identity Provider (longer explenation)
  • Organization Administrator (allow a user to manage users and groups in their organization and assign them roles)
  • vApp Author (allow a user to use catalogs and create vApp-s)
  • vApp User (allow a user to use existing vApp-s)

Permissions grant access and/or allow you to perform actions in the Cloud Director. Each right allows a different view or access according to the object type in the Cloud Director. Each organization can have different rights and roles assigned to their users and groups. In addition, custom roles can be performed.

Identify providers – SAML
SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language) is a standard that provides secure two-step authentication and authorization. Through a SAML identity provider (such as Azure AD, RSA, IBM Cloud Identity, Keycloak, VMware identity manager), users and groups can be verified and organizations can be connected to Microsoft Active Directory.

Certificate Management

You can import the necessary certificates for VMware solutions (NSX-Gateway, Load Balancer, etc.).

Multisite

Interconnected data centers located in several different geographical locations are called multisite. In the context of Cloud Director, Multisite allows you to manage different virtual data centres from a single interface. Multisite is required when using cross-vDC networks.

Quotas

Possible to assign how many  VMs users  can store and run in an organization's VDC.

There are also several other options for policies and settings you can customize (general, email, guest personalization, metadata, policies).

 

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Datacenters - from here all compute and storage resources are managed

cloud director datacenters

Compute

vApps
vApp is a container where you can assign different permissions and settings to virtual machines. A vApp may contain one or more virtual machines. For example, multiple VMs can form a multi-level application (such as a separate web server, database, and security server). In principle, it allows you to manage multiple virtual machines as a single service and configure different rules and options (closed network, firewall rules, etc.). You can also configure various virtual machine startup protocols. For example, if vApp includes a web and database server that depends on each other´s startup queue, then vApp can specify the order in which those servers start, under what conditions (the timedifference between the startup of the first and second VMs) and so on.

Virtual machine

Under VM you can create singe virtual machines without belonging to vApp. Under virtual machines, you can manage the parameters of existing virtual machines (for example, make a snapshot).

(Anti)Affinity rules

Affinity / Anti-Affinity rules allow vCD users to specify how the vSphere Distributed Resource Schelduler (DRS) should deploy VMs on hosts:

  • VM - VM Affinity (VMs need to be on the same host)
  • VM - VM Anti-Affinity (VMs need to be on different  hosts)
  • VM - host Affinity (VMs need to be on certain hosts)
  • VM - host Anti-Affinity (VMs can´t be on certain hosts)

For example, you can assign one VM to one host and another VM to another host and keep them separate.

These rules can be used to optimize licensing costs (if a license fee is charged for the number of physical server cores, Affinity rules can limit the number of servers a VM can run on), increase availability (if redundant VMs run on different hosts), and improve latency ( when VMs are running on a single host).

Kubernetes policies

Inbound and outbound traffic can be restricted to different PODs with applications. You can also limit resource and security policies.

 

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Networking

Networks
Here vCD user can manage different external/internal networks, organization VDC networks, and vApp networks.

Edges

cloud director edges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An Edge gateway is a virtual router that connects an internal network to an external network and provides services such as:

vCloud Director supports IPv4 and IPv6 edge gateway solutions.

Security
Under security you can manage an NSX (Security Services) distributed firewall and protect your organization's intranet resources horizontally (you can restrict communication between VMs, for example, one VM can communicate with another VM via an HTTP port). External networks can be protected both horizontally (restricting traffic between public IPs of VMs) and vertically (for example, Edge Gateway restricts SSH connections from an external network).

Storage

Named (previously independent) disks are stand-alone virtual disks that are created in an organization´s virtual data center. Administrators and authorized users in the organization can creat, modify and delet disks, as well as mount to VMs. It essentially acts as an external hard drive used within the VDC. Not intended for active data backup, as a spanshot cannot be created from the disk.

 

Under Storage policies you can get an overview of your vCloud storage disk volumes and information.

 

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Libraries

cloud director libraries

 

 

 

 

 

 

Libraries  is a place where you can   store your templates (for example OS, vApp, VM, ISO). 

Users have privileged access to vApp templates and media files that they own or share with them.
 

vApp templates
vApp template is a pre-configured virtual machine or multiple machines you can deploy to cloud within minutes.   WaveCom has  prebuilt OS templates you can use for deployment.  You can also copy your existing VMs and vApps to template and use them in future or create a template by uploading OVA/OVF image.

From Media & Other you can see Wavecom OS ISO images and also upload your own and mount it to a virtual machine.

 

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Monitor

cloud director monitor

 

 

 

 

 

 



Task
The tasks view lists all tasks and shows when tasks were run and where they successfully completed. The view is the first step to troubleshooting problems in your environment. The tasks view contains long-running operations such as a virtual machine or a vApp creation.

Events

Under Events you can view the system log to monitor system-level events. You can find and troubleshoot failed events and view events by the user.

 

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vCloud Availability

vCloud director vCloud availability

vCloud Availability in vCloud Director is a Disaster Recovery-as-a-Service (DRaaS) solution that allows you to easily and securely launch local data center workflows in another data center in the event of an emergency. Assuming that the Disaster Recovey Site is configured in the appropriate data centers.

For all covered topics you can find more tutorials from our website help section and youtube channel.

In the Cloud Director environment, you can use Quick Search for even easier navigation, located at the top right below the Help button.

If you have additional questions, the Help button in the upper right will also guide you to the VMware Tenant Portal Guide.

 

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